IAHPC List of Essential Practices in Palliative Care

In a project which included the participation of individuals and representatives of pain and palliative care organisations, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) recently developed a list of essential practices in palliative care.

Under the framework of the ‘essential’ concept, the IAHPC decided to work in different projects aimed to identify the ‘essential’ components for palliative care. This list of Essential Practices follows the IAHPC List of Essential Medicines in Palliative Care developed in 2007 and the Opioid Essential Prescription Package developed in 2011.

The list of essential practices in palliative care for health workers working in primary care includes those practices aimed at meeting the most prevalent physical, social, psychological and spiritual needs of palliative care patients and their families.

To work on this proposal, IAHPC formed a working group which included the following board members of IAHPC and external advisors from the field: Michael I Bennett (UK), Eduardo Bruera (USA), Liliana De Lima (USA), Derek Doyle (UK), Julia Downing (Uganda), Clara Granda-Cameron (USA), Peter Hudson (Australia), Scott Murray (UK), Florian Strasser (Switzerland) and Roberto Wenk (Argentina). The working group developed a plan of action and methodology which included a Delphi process among 425 health practitioners, primary care providers, and palliative care experts from 63 different countries around the globe, and a ranking survey with representatives from 45 international palliative care and pain relief organisations.

The IAHPC List of Essential Practices includes 23 practices with different levels of intervention under the following domains of care: Physical Care; Psychological/Emotional/Spiritual Care; Care Planning and Coordination; and Communication Issues. The IAHPC List of Essential Practices in Palliative Care may help define appropriate primary palliative care and improve the quality of care delivered globally. IAHPC will focus future projects on the evaluation of their uptake and impact in the quality of lives of patients and their families.

A full description of the project and the List of Essential Practices (available in several languages) is available on the IAHPC website As the holder of the copyright, IAHPC allows free dissemination for educational purposes with appropriate credit given to the organisation. Please feel free to disseminate this announcement to your colleagues and friends.

IAHPC will now focus on the development of future projects, including the impact of the implementation of the List of Essential Practices in the quality of the lives of patients and their families, and the identification of the competencies needed to implement the resulting practices.

To enquire about this project or for additional information about IAHPC, contact the organisation through its website.

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